The history of Wine  

All the grape varieties used in the worldwide production of wine are descended almost exclusively from a grapevine (Vitis vinifera) out of Transcaucasia (present-day Georgia and Armenia.) The earliest finds date back 6 millennia to ancient Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq and Syria,) furthermore, an amphora dating back to 3500 B.C. found in Iran has wine themes painted on it.

Wine cultivation came to Europe through Egypt, Greece and Spain. Wine played a great role in the Greek and Roman civilizations.

Wine was cultivated in the Greek colonies in southern Italy and France (Massalia.) The Romans spread the art of wine growing in every region of their empire with a favorable climate.

After the fall of the Roman Empire and the take-over of its territories by Germanic tribes, wine growing declined. Not until between the 12th and 16th centuries was it taken up again.